Digestive System

Hiatus Hernia: Causes, Types, Diagnosis, Treatment, Management

A type of hernia in which part of the stomach protrudes up through the esophageal opening of the Diaphragm. Hiatus hernia is an anatomical abnormality in which the part of the stomach protrudes up through the diaphragm into the chest. The exact cause is unknown. It may be due to, Increased pressure within the abdominal cavity. It may be due to – Heavy lifting, Pregnancy, Ascites, Frequent or hard coughing, Boilent vomiting, Starving etc…


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Respiratory System

Corona Virus or COVID-19: Everything you want to know about!

Coronavirus disease or COVID-19 is an infectious disease caused by a newly discovered Coronavirus. which is spreading all over the world too fast. Most of the developed and developing countries are already affected by a coronavirus and now taking precautions to stop the spread of coronavirus. The incidence and types of coronavirus are given below. The most common and less common symptoms of coronavirus and its precaution are described.



Leukemia: Also known as Blood Cancer.

It is the malignant disease of the blood-forming cells especially the neoplastic proliferation of immature leukocytes. 
It is a group of malignant disorders affecting the blood and blood-forming tissues of bone marrow, lymph system a spleen. Leukemia is a malignancy ( cancer ) of blood cells. In leukemia abnormal blood cells are produced in the bone marrow usually leukemia involves the production of abnormal WBC. 

Cancer Causes, Types, Symptoms and Signs

Cancer: Everything you want to know!
Cancer is a disease of cell in which normal mechanisms of control of growth and proliferation are disturbed. Cancer is a group of cells that grows out of control, taking over the function of affected organs or it is a group of diseases characterized by uncontrolled cellular growth with local tissue invasion at systemic metastasis. It is a disease process that begins when abnormal cells are transformed by a genetic mutation of cellular DNA.


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Skeletal System

Osteoporosis Causes, Symptoms, Risk factor, and Treatment

Abnormal rarefaction of bone which may be idiopathic or secondary to other conditions.
This disorder leads to the thinning of skeletal and decreases precipitation of lime salt.
Osteoporosis is defined as a systemic skeletal disease characterized by low bone mass and micro-architectural determination of bone tissue that leads to increase bone fragility and susceptibility to fracture or breakdown (hips, vertebrae, forearm).

Urinary System

Acute Kidney Injury [ Acute Renal Failure] or kidney failure

Acute kidney injury Previously called Acute Renal Failure is an abrupt loss of kidney functions that develops within 7 days.

It is characterized or manifested by decrease glomerular filtration rate, level of serum creatinine, and urea nitrogen rise and oliguria or anuria.
Its cause is numerous. Generally, it occurs because of damage to kidney tissue caused by decreased blood flow (ischemic kidney), low blood pressure or hypotension, exposure to substance harmful to the kidney, inflammatory process, or an obstruction of the urinary tract.


Transportation through the cell membrane

Transportation of substances across the cell membrane is essential to the life of a cell. Various substances must have moved into cells because they help to support metabolic reactions. This process is classified into two process these are Passive mechanism and Active mechanism.