Coronavirus disease or COVID-19 is an infectious disease caused by a newly discovered Coronavirus. which is spreading all over the world too fast. Most of the developed and developing countries are already affected by a coronavirus and now taking precautions to stop the spread of coronavirus. The incidence and types of coronavirus are given below. The most common and less common symptoms of coronavirus and its precaution are described.
Abnormal rarefaction of bone which may be idiopathic or secondary to other conditions.
This disorder leads to the thinning of skeletal and decreases precipitation of lime salt.
Osteoporosis is defined as a systemic skeletal disease characterized by low bone mass and micro-architectural determination of bone tissue that leads to increase bone fragility and susceptibility to fracture or breakdown (hips, vertebrae, forearm).
Acute kidney injury Previously called Acute Renal Failure is an abrupt loss of kidney functions that develops within 7 days.
It is characterized or manifested by decrease glomerular filtration rate, level of serum creatinine, and urea nitrogen rise and oliguria or anuria.
Its cause is numerous. Generally, it occurs because of damage to kidney tissue caused by decreased blood flow (ischemic kidney), low blood pressure or hypotension, exposure to substance harmful to the kidney, inflammatory process, or an obstruction of the urinary tract.
Chronic kidney disease ( chronic Renal failure ): Its causes, Pathophysiology, Sign And Symptoms, Medical and Nursing Management
Chronic kidney disease is a type of kidney disease in which there is a gradual loss of kidney function over a period of months or years. Chronic kidney disease is progressive irreversible destruction and dimension in renal function resulting in uremia and azotemia. It occurs from several days or months to years………..
Transportation of substances across the cell membrane is essential to the life of a cell. Various substances must have moved into cells because they help to support metabolic reactions. This process is classified into two process these are Passive mechanism and Active mechanism.
Cell Membrane and Fluid Mosaic Model Q. Explain the fluid mosaic model of Singer and Nicolson ? or Structure of cell membrane by the fluid mosaic model? The structure of the cell membrane is explained by the fluid mosaic model of Singer and Nicolson. According to this model cell membrane is consist of three parts:-…