Gastritis or Stomach Inflammation: Types, Etiology, Clinical Feature, Diet Management

Definition | Types of Gastritis | Etiology of Gastritis | Clinical Feature of Gastritis | Diagnostic Evaluation |Diet management | Management |

Definition:-

Inflammation of the gastritis mucus membrane is called Gastritis. It may occur as a short episode or may be of long duration.

Types of Gastritis:-

Clinically Gastritis is classified into two types:-

  1. Acute Gastritis 
  2. Chronic Gastritis

On the basis of histology / endoscopic appearance. Gastritis is classified into three types:-

  1. Erosive/Hemorrhagic Gastritis:- Acute
  2. Non-Erosive Gastritis:-chronic
  3. Specific Gastritis

  Etiology of Gastritis:-

      Most common causes include:-

  • Infection of Helicobacter pylori (H-pylori)
  • NSAID’s (Nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs)
  • Heavy alcohol drinking

     less common cause includes:-

  • Excessive stress
  • May develop after major surgery of the stomach
  • Irritating food/contaminated food

Clinical Features or Sign and Symptoms of Gastritis:-

  1. Anorexia 
  2. Nausea and vomiting
  3. Abdominal discomfort
  4. Epigastric tenderness
  5. Heartburn after eating
  6. Belching
  7. Frequent hiccough
  8. Dehydration
  9. Acidic test in the mouth.

Diagnostic Evaluation of Gastritis:-

      Diagnosis made on the basis of:-

  • Clinical feature
  • Feature of anemia
  • upper G.I. endoscopy
  • A blood test to check H-pylori
  • CBC for check the anemia

Management of Gastritis:-

Medical Management:-

  • Antacid:- Antacid is a common treatment for mild to moderate gastritis. when antacids do not provide enough relief, medication such as H2 receptor blocker and proton pump inhibitors are given to the client to reduce the amount of acid.
  • Antibiotics

Diet management:-

  • Blend diet, less spicy.
  • prefer liquid food.
  • Frequent small meals.

Nursing management:-

  • Provide a liquid diet to a client, the diet should be less spicy and less irritate.
  • Provide a small and frequent diet.
  • Encourage patients to avoid foods and drinks that trigger heartburn.
  • Assess the patient for hematemesis.

Related post:- Gastroesophageal Reflux Disease (GERD) or Acid Reflux

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