Raynaud’s Disease: Symptoms, Causes, and Treatment

Raynaud’s Disease | Raynaud’s Syndrome: Symptoms and Causes


Raynaud disease is a condition in which the small arteries and arterioles causing temporary pallor or cyanosis of digits & change in skin temperature.

Etiology of Raynaud’s Disease:-

the exact cause of Raynaud disease is unknown but believe that some risk factor is responsible for this condition:-

Risk Factor:-

  • Hypersensitivity of digital arteries to clot.
  • Reduce of serotonin [ Normally release in trauma for vasoconstriction ]
  • Congenital predisposition
  • Eating disorder [ Anorexia nervosa ]
  • Obstructive disorder

Types of Raynaud’s Disease:-

  1. Primary Raynaud Disease:-The cause of primary Raynaud’s disease is unknown. It is an assertive disorder & rarely leads to impaired tissue perfusion.
  2. Secondary Raynaud Disease:- It is associated with connective tissue and collagen vascular disorder such as:-
  • Scleroderma  [ hardening of skin]
  • Systemic lupus Erythromatus
  • Rheumatoid Arthritis
  • Dermatomyositis [ inflammation of skin]
  • Poliomyelitis

Clinical Feature of Raynaud’s Disease:-

  • Palor skin become bluish
  • Numbness
  • Tingling, sensation
  • Burning pain
  • Cyanosis
  • Gangrene formation

{ Note:- Raynaud’s phenomena is used to the localized intermittent episode of vasoconstriction of small arteries of feet and hand }

Management of Raynaud’s Disease:-

  1. Avoid the particular stimuli such as cold, tobacco, drugs, etc.
  2. keep hand and feet warm and dry.
  3. Protecting all parts of the body from cold, and exposure to prevent reflex, symptomatic vasoconstriction of the digits.
  4. Exposure to cold must be minimized and the patient remains indoor as much as possible.
  5. Provide protection with less cloth, when it comes out.
  6. Hat and gloves should be worn at all times when outside.

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